When medication and non-invasive procedures are unable to relieve symptoms, surgery remains the accepted and most effective treatment for a range of gynecologic conditions. Gynecological surgery refers to surgery on the female reproductive system. Gynecological surgery is usually performed by gynecologists. It includes procedures performed for benign conditions, gynecological cancer, incontinence and various other conditions. Learn more about surgery for cancerous gynecologic tumors here.
At St. Vincent’s, our team of highly specialized surgeons and support staff provides a full array of gynecological surgeries in our state of the art, robotic equipped operating suites. Expanded surgical treatment options for uterine fibroids, abnormal menstrual bleeding, urinary incontinence, pelvic prolapse and many more.
Gynecological surgery options include:
Colposcopy is a diagnostic tool used in the evaluation of an abnormal Pap smear.
The loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is another treatment option for abnormal cervical cells or cervical dysplasia. LEEP uses a thin wire to remove the abnormal surface cells of the cervix.
D&C- D&C, or Dilation and Curettage
This is one of the most common gynecological procedures performed and involves removal of the lining cells of the uterus. D&C is typically utilized in the evaluation and treatment of disorders of abnormal uterine bleeding. Nowadays, D&C is typically performed with a hysteroscopy, a procedure that allows to physician to visualize the uterine lining
Hysteroscopy provides a way for your physician to look inside your uterus and to evaluate the uterine lining. The hysteroscope is a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This tool often helps a physician diagnose and treat many gynecological conditions associated with abnormal uterine bleeding.
A procedure performed at time of hysteroscopy designed to thin the lining of the uterus. This procedure is accomplished by using a small electric current or with placement of a small balloon filled with cold or warm fluid.
The operative removal of the uterus. A complete hysterectomy involves removal of the uterus and cervix. In some circumstances the ovaries and fallopian tubes may be removed as well. The procedure may be performed through an incision in the belly wall (laparotomy), vaginally, or with the use of a laparoscope.
Laparoscopy, like hysteroscopy, utilizes a thin, telescope like device and surgical instruments, placed through small incisions in the belly wall, allows for evaluation and treatment of many gynecological disorders. This minimally invasive technique typically is performed under general anesthesia; however, it can be performed with other types of anesthesia that permit the patient to remain awake. Most patients are comfortable to go home the same day of their surgery, and many can return to their normal activities within 2-3 days.
Gynecological Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgery, like laparoscopy, involves placement of a thin telescope like device and surgical instruments through small incisions in the belly wall. The highly specialized “robotic” instruments, controlled by the surgeon at a computer station, provide enhanced freedom of movement and visualization compared to laparoscopy. Robotic surgery may provide a less invasive surgical option for certain patients who in the past might have required major surgery.
Learn more about St. Vincent's robotic surgery here http://roboticsurgery.stvincents.org/
St. Vincent's Medicial Center: Surgical expertise when you need it most.
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