Diabetes Type 2 Care at St. Vincent’s
Diabetes type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. Our St. Vincent’s physicians and specialists recognize that, though its signs and symptoms are similar to those of type 1 diabetes, they often come on more slowly. Organs such as kidneys and eyes may have already become damaged and must be carefully examined as soon as the disease is diagnosed.
In the past two decades there has been an alarming rise in the rate of diabetes type 2 in children, according to the U.S. Surgeon General’s report. At the same time, the World Health Organization has reported that the global rate of the disease in all groups has increased markedly and is expected to rise as countries continue to develop.
Most people, children or adults, who are diagnosed with this disease are overweight. This is because fat interferes with the body’s ability to use the insulin that the pancreas produces. Liver, muscle and fat cells cannot respond normally to the insulin even though it is required in order for blood sugar, or glucose, to be to be stored in these cells for energy. The glucose then builds up in the blood, causing hyperglycemia, which in turn triggers the pancreas to produce more insulin. However, many individuals - especially people over the age of 45 and the elderly - who have the disease are not overweight.
Diabetes type 2 shares many of the risk factors of type 1. Family history and genetics may play a large role. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight (especially around the waist) can significantly increase your risk for type 2 diabetes.
In some adults with this form of the disease and extreme obesity, weight-loss surgery (bariatric surgery) has been seen to produce remission of diabetes type 2, though not type 1. In general, treatment for diabetes type 2 is similar to treatment for type 1 diabetes.
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